2 edition of Management of Crop Residues for Sustainable Crop Production (IAEA Tecdoc Series) found in the catalog.
Management of Crop Residues for Sustainable Crop Production (IAEA Tecdoc Series)
by International Atomic Energy Agency
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
Crop residues are being widely considered as a source of biofuel feedstock for cellulosic ethanol production in the USA (Wilhelm et al., ), China (Liu et al., ), Pakistan (Mirza et al., ) and India (Aggarwal et al., ).However, retention of crop residues on the soil surface as mulch has numerous benefits to the soil and environments (Fig. ). Indian agriculture produces about million tonnes of crop residues annually. The residues are used for animal feed, soil mulch and manure, thatching for rural homes and fuel for domestic and industrial use and thus are of tremendous value to farmers. However, approximately Mt of the residues are burned on-farm primarily to clear the field from straw and stubble of the preceding crop.
Regarding crop production, we studied how residues management strategy impacts on germination rate, biomass production and yield elaboration, along with N, P and K exportation. The soil fertility components that were dynamically followed were SOC, N, P . Achieving sustainable crop nutrition book. Achieving sustainable crop nutrition. Advances in understanding the nitrogen cycle in crop production. David Pilbeam. 2. Advances in understanding crop processing of nitrogen. Optimising the use of crop residues and other 'green' fertilisers in crop nutrition. John Baker.
"Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure, or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields.5/5(1). Majority of the farmers in Northern Malawi practice mixed crop-livestock production system largely utilising the rangelands and crop residues during dry seasons. Government investments in crop production have consequently increased biomass from crop residues. This scoping study describes the uses of crop residues in different farming systems in Mzimba district, drawing on village discussions.
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Residues for sustainable agricultural production and environmental preservation in a wide range of soils and cropping systems. Various options for the recycling of crop residues that are sustainable and economically attractive to farmers were examined using isotopic techniques.
This publication reports on a Co-ordinated Research Project with the objective to increase crop production through better management of soil organic matter and nutrient inputs.
There is a focus on countries where crop production and soil fertility can be sustained by the better management of crop residues. Summary Crop residue management through conservation agriculture can improve soil productivity and crop production by maintaining SOM levels.
Two significant advantages of surface-residue management are increased OM near the soil surface and enhanced nutrient cycling and retention. Book January Sustainable rice production is the key to achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly for country like India.
Crop residue management (CRM) through. Sustainable crop production deals with keeping the soil alive with organic matter, integrated pest management and reduction in usage of pesticides, protecting biodiversity, ensuring food safety.
therefore to determine the effects of contrasting crop residue management strategies on crop production and components of the soil fertility, over a period of several years. Regarding crop production, we studied how residues management strategy impacts on germination rate, biomass production and yield elaboration, along with N, P and K exportation.
Optimum management of crop residues in an integrated system of crop production and stall feeding of sheep may help to reduce the decline in soil productivity, but external inputs are necessary to trigger sustainable crop-livestock production in Sub-Saharan.
Managing straw residue in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)‐soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] double‐cropping systems can be a problem, and many management systems are currently being of tillage used is, to some extent, determined by the straw management practice.
In this study, five tillage‐straw management practices were studied on Brooksville silty clay (fine.
Books, bulletins, videos, curricula, fact sheets and much more. SARE's Learning Center is a treasure trove of sustainable agriculture information. Use the keyword filters or search box to begin exploring. Sustainable management and recycling of organic wastes in agriculture is a holistic approach which should be pursued not only with the sole objective of converting wastes into wealth but more seriously for its various benefits to crop production, the environment (clean water and air, and balanced carbon cycle) and, ultimately, human health.
As organic materials are decomposed, nutrients become available to plants, humus is produced, soil aggregates are formed, channels are created for water infiltration and better aeration, and those residues originally on the surface are brought deeper into the soil.
2 days ago Please note that, during the production process, errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. Â© Published by Elsevier. 1 Risk in the circular food economy: Glyphosate-based herbicide residues in manure fertilizers decrease crop yield Anne Muola a*â€, Benjamin.
Sustainable crop production reintegrates this cycle, using animal manure, compost and other natural fertilizers to improve soil health and ecosystem-based pest controls instead of chemical pesticides.
Sustainable crop farmers include growers of vegetables, fruit, flowers, grains, nuts, fiber (like cotton) or any other farmed plant. other natural resources with food production, which resulted in various concerns over environmental and social sustainability [6, 7].
On the other hand, energy crop production can bring opportunities for increased agricultural production and productivity, rural develop-ment, agricultural diversification and climate change mitigation [8–10]. The book provides detailed information on a wide range of conservation tillage topics, including: soil management to improve soil health (Chapter 3) cover crop management (Chapter 5) soil compaction management (Chapter 6) cash crop management (chapters 7–10) pest management (chapters 11–13) water management (Chapter 14).
Cover crops have become a viable option for sustainable agriculture because of contributions to soil fertility and improved crop performance. The contribution of cover crops to weed management is not clearly defined.
Ideally, weed control could be improved if a manageable cover crop could replace an unmanageable weed population in the. Nicholas E. Korres, in Non-Chemical Weed Control, Abstract.
An integrated weed management strategy that combines various physical, cultural, chemical, and preventive weed control methods would, among other factors, secure a sustainable food production. Agronomic weed control, easily manipulated by the producer set of cultural approaches such as crop density, use of competitive.
The risk of GBH residues ending up in poultry feed is high. • The manure of poultry birds given such feed contains high residues of glyphosate. • Crop plant growth and reproduction decreases if such manure is used as fertilizer.
• Glyphosate contamination in fertilizer may affect herbivore resistance of crop plants. Although crop residues contain both macro- and micro nutrients, only values for the macro nutrients nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and sulfur are economically significant.
Biofuel production from crop residues. Because of the high carbohydrate content, crop residues can be considered as an appropriate feedstock to produce biofuels.
Chapter 7 Use of crop residues and straw decay factor or humification rate (Table 11) and t is year. In subsequent modelling steps k is corrected for temperature, moisture and plant development (A); and different decay rates (k) are introduced per organic matter 1 Average crop parameters for organic matter production on agricultural land.
Integrated nutrient management encourages the use of on-farm organics, thus it saves on the cost of fertilizers for crop production. The basic concept of integrated nutrient management (INM) or integrated plant nutrition management (IPNM) is the adjustment of plant nutrient supply to an optimum level for sustaining the desired crop productivity.The objective of this analysis was to quantify intermediate‐term (6‐yr) effects of crop residue harvest on crop productivity and economic returns for different biomass harvest intensities and methods, and for different practices aimed at mitigating negative effects of residue harvest in .Crop residue management is a big challenge now a day (Clay et al., ).
India being a land of agriculture generates million tonnes of crop residues per year (Gupta and Dadlani, ).A vast.